All Hemp products are extracts from low THC varieties of cannabis known as ‘industrial hemp’. The plants are grown legally under license and the extractor oil containing up to 40% CBD is used as a food supplement to help improve and maintain health.
“CANNABIS IS ONE OF THE OLDEST PLANTS KNOWN TO MANKIND.”
100 years ago and for thousands of years before, it was grown widely all across Europe, the USA and Asia. It was a basic agricultural crop, its fiber used for making rope, fishing nets and for weaving into strong, hardwearing textiles.
Way before cotton, it was used to make clothes, sails and other fabric products. and requires fewer chemicals and less processing than cotton to make it useable. Its seed can be eaten whole, ground into flour or pressed to produce a highly nutritious oil. The leaves can be treated as any other green vegetable and its flowers contain powerful compounds used as medicine to treat all sorts of ailments.
In the late 1900s, more than half of all pharmacy medicines contained cannabis. Then, in the early part of the 20th century, cannabis became the subject of an extraordinary campaign of fear and terror. It was demonized, claimed to be responsible for causing all sorts of problems in society and portrayed as a dangerous drug.
From about 1925 in Europe and 1937 in the US, it was effectively banned right across the world. Although there is still a hangover from all the scare stories and misinformation around cannabis, science is now proving that in fact it is one of the most important plants on the planet and has a great deal of benefit to offer.
Despite the ban on cannabis, many countries have allowed certain varieties to be grown under license for the same purposes as before. These varieties are called ‘industrial hemp’ and have been selectively bred to produce low levels of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis.
In Europe, industrial hemp must contain less than 0.2% THC, in the Americas the limit is 0.3% and it still contains all the other ingredients found in any other variety of cannabis. These include cannabidiol (CBD), other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and many other compounds which are highly nutritious and healthy.
Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is not the same as hemp seed oil and it is very important to understand the difference.
Hempseed oil is made by pressing the seeds and is a highly nutritious but delicate oil containing a balance of omega 3 and 6 which is almost perfect for human consumption but it contains only trace amounts of cannabinoids. It is excellent for salad dressing, baking, and low-temperature cooking but not for frying or cooking at high temperatures. For the same reason, it is not a good oil for use as fuel or biodiesel.
“ALL CBD PRODUCTS ARE EXTRACTS FROM LOW-THC CANNABIS PLANTS, GROWN LEGALLY UNDER LICENSE AS INDUSTRIAL HEMP.”
Once the plants have been harvested, they are allowed to dry slowly and naturally.
Only the flowering tops are used for producing the highest quality oil and these are crushed and ground finely before being processed by supercritical CO2 extraction equipment.
When pressurized and gently heated CO2 changes from a gas into a ‘supercritical’ state somewhere between a gas and a liquid and it becomes a powerful solvent which will extract the oil from the plant matter.
With the pressure varied it can be adjusted to extract particular components so ‘tuned’ to extract maximum CBD but leave traces of THC behind.
Also, because all this takes place at relatively low temperatures, the volatile terpenes and flavonoids in the plant are more easily preserved in the oil and these are important to the beneficial ‘entourage effect’ of CBD oil.